Tuesday, February 19, 2019
Infancy and Early Childhood Developement Essay
It is amazing that our earlier memory is still years afterward we origin begin to develop. No unitary remembers being a whizz celled fertilized ovum or any aspect of the prenatal stage. And the first years, from stomach to 2, are for the most part a mystery as well. My earliest memory is coquetteing on a porch at a lick my parents were renting. It is only if straightaway that it is realized that my personality was most apt(predicate) make in those betimes years. Before my memory was fully developed my likes and dislikes, side toward affection and sense of humor were all impacted by choices make by my parents.FAMILY EFFECT Perhaps the greatest influence in any persons life is their family. If a nipper has at least(prenominal) one stirredly supportive parent then at that place self-consciousness go out likely be higher than a child with no one to support them emotionally. However, many things mint affect a child well before they take their first breath. Prenatal c are is a very important stage of ontogenesis it is during this stage that our bodies transform from one sperm combining with an egg to the very complex creatures that we be hump.How does family come into play with this stage? It is during this stage that soon to be parents can choose to end up a pregnancy or non. So in a way, it is in the prenatal stage that our families can affect our lives the most. Once a zygote becomes an embryo and then becomes a fetus a baby is born. It is now when the family will begin to determine how well the babys emotional and social aspects develop. The family will influence the newborn baby emotionally and socially by how they interact with them.For example if a father is unsure how to hold, change, devote or go under a baby and distances himself from the baby it is possible and likely that the baby will be hesitant when the father does eventually come around. Likewise if parents are affectionate, caring and encourage learning in the first years the n the child can become excited nearly learning and gain a higher level of self-esteem. PARENTING STYLES According to Diana Baumrind at that place are three types of parenting styles there is the authoritarian parent, the permissive parent and the commanding parent.The authoritarian parent is very demanding and does not tolerate failure to extend to their high standards. When the child disobeys they can expect physical punishment (spanking not abuse). This method can be effective when used consistently, for example if a child is disobedient about cleaning their room but is only punished at random (spanking or grounding) then the room will likely remain messy and cluttered. Permissive or indulgent parents search to be a friend to their children and would rather not take province for the shaping of them.They are portrayed in popular culture by being inept and lazy when in reality it is possible that tolerance results as a feeling of resentment from authoritarian parents. Regardl ess of the power for the parents indulgent behavior they are likely to necessitate low standards for their children and be lax when it comes to rules and punishment. The authoritative parents form a shopping centre ground between the authoritarian and the permissive parents. Authoritative parents listen to their childrens feelings and concerns while maintaining a quality of authority.When comparing Baumrinds parenting types it seems that a opposite type would be most useful to each stage of development. For the early childhood stage (birth to two years) the permissive parent may realize the most affect being that they are able to hide foiling and disappointment. Also having strict rules and high expectations, as with the authoritarian, could lead to fear and disquiet in the child. EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION There are two major options for parents when selecting a preschool or day care program for their child.Parents can choose from child-centered programs or teacher-directe d programs. Child centered programs allow children more freedom to choose their own activities and are generally less structured accept that children will benefit from being able to express themselves through art, dress up, music and dance. Teacher directed programs are more similar to club school in that children will be expected to follow along with the teachers lesson plan and utilize listening skills during instruction.These programs will typically follow a schedule for all the children to complete activities at schedule times. Through personal reflection you can imagine that if you were at a teacher-directed program and now as an adult enjoy structure that may be one of the more significant reasons. Conversely attending a child-centered preschool can influence a child to become more musically inclined and develop a greater appreciation for the arts. Of course there is also another option for parents, and that is to keep the child at sign until they begin kindergarten.This w as the social norm until the 1990s and is still practiced by some families where one parent is home full time. CONCLUSION Desmond ballet skirt said, You dont choose your family. They are Gods place to you, as you are to them. To me, this means that parents should understand the extreme importance of their role in their childs life. Especially in the early childhood stage as this is a vital time for children to develop emotionally, physically and socially.When parents accept the challenge of being an active participant in the development of their children they are giving their children the opportunity to grow and prosper in a way that may not have been possible for them. REFERENCES Berger, K. S. (2001). Prenatal phylogeny and Birth. The Developing someone through the Life couplet (5th ed. , pp. 88-119). New York worth Publishers. Berger, K. S. (2001). Early childishness Psychosocial Development. The Developing Person through the Life Span (5th ed. , pp. 264-291). New York Wort h Publishers. Berger, K. S. (2001).Early Childhood Cognitive Development. The Developing Person through the Life Span (5th ed. , pp. 236-263). New York Worth Publishers. Cherry, K. (n. d. ). Early Childhood Development What Is Early Childhood Development. psychological science Complete Guide to Psychology for Students, Educators & Enthusiasts. Retrieved declination 18, 2012, from http//psychology. about. com/od/developmentalpsychology/ss/early-childhood-development. htm Family Quotes Page 2 BrainyQuote. (n. d. ). Famous Quotes at BrainyQuote. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from http//www. brainyquote. com/quotes/keywo.