Sunday, November 24, 2019
Listening skills essay Listening skills essay Listening skills essaySome of the Ã¢â¬Å"filtersÃ¢â¬ that might interfere with the helping relationship include individual judgments, biases, personal experiences, values, beliefs, personality traits, expectations, norms and rules. These filters may distort the message send by a person. As a result, it is necessary to develop the proper listening skills to avoid misinterpreting.Often times, people seek the advice of helping or use caution when giving advice. Often times, people seek the advice of helping professionals on personal, emotional and even financial matters. Within my role as a helper, it is not acceptable to give advice. Offering some solutions to problems may have negative effect on further communication and interaction processes. It is necessary to use the technique Ã¢â¬Å"reflection of feelingsÃ¢â¬ in order to explain the client his feelings and help him to find the right solution.Nonverbal communication applies to the topic of active listening because it is a vit al component of active listening. Helpers should be ready to respond to non-verbal behavior in communication, such as tone, the volume of speech, tears or laughter, etc. One of examples of how misinterpreting someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s nonverbal communication can result in distorting the intended message is the situation when a helper fails to understand eye contact and silences. These elements of non-verbal behavior may signify some negative attitudes, which require adequate response. Both salience and eye contact may interpret oneÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings.My strengths as a communicator include the ability to organize my thoughts in a proper way, active listening skills, patience, self-control, openness in communication, and the ability to avoid conflicts. My weaknesses as a communicator include the improper skills in interpreting non-verbal communication and behavior. I need to use my active listening skills more effectively to become professional in communication with clients.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Database in arcGIS - Essay Example As we have seen throughout this course, GIS is literally the picture thatÃ¢â¬â¢s worth a thousand (or more) words. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s little wonder that the use of GIS technology has expanded so exponentially since its initial development. In the case of the ACHS, the requirements required by the client are in keeping with their needsÃ¢â¬âand more. The truth is, ArcGIS can provide not only a more robust system for their currently applications, but considering the potential for growth, the proposed system would be unmatched. The growth of the GIS industry has resulted in a trend from an esoterically inclined group of computer geeks working on mainframes, to the common user on desktop computers. This trend will benefit the ACHS a great deal, not only allowing them to collect, store, and visualize their own information in a better format, but will give visitors to the ACHS a portal that will allow the most inexperienced user to benefit from the data available. It is also fortunate that the tool being suggested for use is Arc GIS, which is a full complement of GIS tools in one package. The net result of using ArcGIS for this application is the ability it will give a wide variety of users to work with the available data on their level of need as well as being within their ability to use the tool. Land use change studies. Land use data layers will allow city planners and others to see changes in the use of land through time. Assuming that the data available is accurate, those responsible for creating and maintaining datasets should find their tasks considerably easier. the historical datasets. These records will make keeping track of these persons/businesses easier and of greater value. This benefit is not only good for those who want to find long-lost relatives, but queries for a more general nature that can trace period history. City visualization. GIS
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Plato - Assignment Example PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts and theories have been used to teach many subjects, from religion to mathematics. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogues, in which he addressed almost all controversial philosophical topics of his time, have become the bread and butter of modern philosophers. The dialogues contain critical and thought-provoking analyses of intricate subjects, some of which were considered Ã¢â¬Å"untouchableÃ¢â¬ at the time. However, the application of the dialogues is not restricted to philosophy (Pojman and Vaughn 34). Any normal person can use the thoughts they contain to develop or enhance critical thinking skills and to gain a clear perspective of life. For instance, the Apology, the Symposium, the Cratylus, and the Phaedrus can be used to improve studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ critical thinking capacities and encourage them to consider philosophy as a crucial aspect of life. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s teachings embody the triumphs of the human race in trying to harness the power of the mind (Pojman and Vaughn 26). They also represent the endless possibilities and capacities of human intellect, and encourage us to question and debate everything around
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Answer question - Essay Example Some of the Senators opposed it simply because of party politics which led them to believe Wilson had no leadership skills. There were several characteristics associated with the progressive era including a need for purification of the government, issues of women suffrage and their need to end as well as being prohibited. There was also a need to focus on the important values in society which included education and focusing much on the family. The progressive era also sought modernization of the country. Roosevelt wanted the federal government to take control of the corporations so that they can protect the consumers as well as conserve the corporations themselves. Taft let the others make decisions on progressive such as increasing tariffs, opening up land for private use among other things. Wilson reduced the tariffs especially the import fees, there was a new income tax, and there was introduction of new Federal Reserve notes and an introduction of central bank in 12 regional reserve districts among other reforms. Progressive era opened up colleges for women making them enter the male dominated job markets as clerics, typists, lawyers and even doctors and journalists. This followed their role in social work and especially where they were teaching the immigrants proper and decent ways to behave and earn wages without being taken advantage of by the men. After they became properly educated, they started advocated for more of their rights and freedom from male shadows and they were helped by the women in professional jobs. Freedom according to women was to be allowed to work and venture outside of their homes like the men; others defined it as being offered equal wages to the men in the same field while to others freedom constituted not being offered lower class jobs and being sexually undermined in the workplaces. Among the successes included the reunification of the unions
Friday, November 15, 2019
English legal system Ã¢â¬â statutory interpretation Task 1: It can be argued that the role of statutory interpretation is to ensure that judges uphold the intention of Parliament. With reference to the approaches used by judges, critically assess whether the rules of statutory interpretation fulfil this argument. While Parliament decides what the law is it is ultimately down to judges to give effect to it in its application in realistic situations. Words in statutes may be designed to cover all possible contingencies in which case the meaning becomes extremely broad as in Brock v DPP , the phrase: any dog of the type known as the pit bull terrier in the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 was disputed over. Other situations are where a particular word causes ambiguity and its not clear which meaning should be used. There could have been drafting errors and new developments over time make Acts incapable of covering new scenarios or technologies. For their aid the Interpretation Act 1978 states that: unless the contrary appears, he includes she, and singular includes plural (Martin: 2007: 86). Three non-obligatory so-called rules (methods) have been developed by judges. Under the literal rule words are given their exact and pure dictionary meaning but it is severely criticized for resulting in injustices and absurdity. In the case of London North Eastern Railway v Berriman  a claim failed on the grounds that the deceased died while oiling points along the railway line and not while relaying or repairing it. Tindal CJ in the Sussex Peerage Case (1844) stated: Ã¢â¬ ¦the only rule for the construction of Acts of Parliament is that they should be construed according to the intent of the Parliament which passed the Act. If the words of the statute are in themselves precise and unambiguous, then no more can be necessary than to expound those words in their natural and ordinary sense. The golden rule is an alternative, active process where words can be modified only to avoid an absurd or repugnant situation. Applying the narrow version in R v Allen , the court held that the word marry not only covers legal marriage but extends to going through a ceremony of marriage to avoid the absurd situation of the accused circumventing the wishes of the legislature by advancing the literal definition that a second marriage cannot be legal as the first marriage will invalidate it. In its wider application the court in Re Sigsworth  prevented a murderer son benefitting from the proceeds of his crime even though the word could result in one possible outcome and shows that the literal rule, if applied, would have caused public outrage and indecency. The mischief rule derives from Heydonss Case (1584) with the aim of finding out what the law was before the passing of an Act and seeks to eliminate the mischief by advancing the remedy (Martin: 2007) and was applied in Royal College of Nursing v DHSS , where the Abortion Act 1967 makes in lawful for a pregnancy to be terminated by a registered medical practitioner (Martin: 2007: 91). The court held that it is legitimate for nurses to carry out the second stage of the procedure because the mischief Parliament sought to suppress were dangerous backstreet abortions in unhygienic conditions (Ingman: 2008) The literal approach is being abandoned in favour of the more modern purposive approach. Since Britain has become a member of the EU judges are becoming accustomed to its methodology, finding themselves obliged to interpret legislation in conformity with Section 3 of the Human Rights Act 1998. While the mischief rule considers contemporary issues the purposive approach goes further in giving effect to the purpose of the Act prospectively. Such a case is R (Quintavalle) v Secretary of State for Health , where CNR could not have been envisaged by Parliament at the time the Act was enacted as it did not exist at the time. Minor rules of language such as the ejusdem generis maxim means general words which follow specific ones are taken to include things of the same kind (Elliott: 2009: 61). This technique was employed in Powell v Kempton Park  where an outdoor place known as Tattersalls Ring was excluded from the words house, office and room as they were all indoor places. The expressio unius alterius method means the mention of one thing excludes others and can be seen applied in Tempest v Kilner . The final rule is noscitur a sociiis meaning that a word is known by the company it keeps. In IRC v Frere  it was held that because other annual interest was mentioned, interest could only apply annually. Intrinsic aids suggestive of Parliaments intentions are the preamble stating why the Act is being enforced but equally useful are extrinsic sources: previous Acts on the same subject; historical setting, earlier case law and dictionaries of the time. Pepper v Hart  was a landmark case enabling judges to consult the debates that took place in Parliament prior to the Act being implemented. Lord Browne-Wilkinson: the purposive approach to construction now adopted by the courts in order to give effect to the true intentions of the legislature. Task 2: In the following situations, use your knowledge of statutory interpretation to explain whether or not the following defendants would be guilty of an offence under section 1 of the Street Offences Act 1959 where: it shall be an offence for a common prostitute to loiter or solicit in a public street or public place for the purposes of prostitution. (a) Fiona was waving and banging on the window of her flat to attract the attention of a friend walking by on the street below. As she live above a busy street, her action caught the attention of people including a police officer called out to investigate complaints under s 1 of the Street Offences Act Certain presumptions available to judges can be instrumental in deciding cases. These are: a presumption against the change in common law; that the Crown is not bound by any statute unless the statute expressly says so; that legislation does not apply retrospectively and in this case there is a presumption that mens rea is required to convict in criminal cases and when judges construct the intention of legislation they will consider this along with the actus reus. In B (a minor) v DPP , Lord Nicholls emphasised: the common law presumes that, unless Parliament indicated otherwise, the appropriate mental element is an unexpressed ingredient of every statutory offence. Fionas actions might be misconstrued by the public and the officer as that for the purposes of prostitution given the context and public awareness of prostitutes manner in gaining attention. It appears this is the case here. At trial the true relationship between Fiona and her friend can be established. If the literal rule is applied and the imperativeness of mens rea is discarded then there is the possibility of her being convicted unjustly. However, in Sweet v Parsley , although the defendant was the proprietor of a house where cannabis was being smoked by the renters, the House of Lords decided the defendant was not guilty since she had no knowledge of the inhabitants activities so she lacked mens rea and, therefore, could not be convicted (Martin: 2008). With a purposive approach and reference to the Sweet case the court is bound to acquit her as Fionas actions were not for the purposes of prostitution and Parliament will not have intended for the innocent to be punished. L ord Denning advocated this method strenuously, saying: we sit here to find the intention of Parliament and we do this better by filling in the gaps than opening up enactment to destructive analysis. (b) Moji is charged with soliciting from the balcony of her flat Moji is trying to elude the Street Offences Act by not being in the street when soliciting for clients. Applying the literal rule Moji will be acquitted and It is obvious parliament could not have intended for their enactments to cause such ineffective results. However, Lord Esher argues: the court has nothing to do with the question whether the legislature has committed an absurdity but it is plainly obvious that such an approach is mechanical and divorced from the realities of the use of language (Martin: 2007: 88) and negates the true spirit of the law. In Smith v Hughes  six women were convicted under this Act for soliciting from their flats, windows and balconies and argued their convictions were wrong because, although they accepted they were engaged in prostitution, they did not contravene the legislations wording which states in a street or public place for the purposes of prostitution (www.opsi.gov.uk on 21/12/09). However, their convictions were upheld, Lord Parker giving judgement: Everybody knows this was an Act to clean up the streets. viewed in this way it can matter little whether the prostitute is standing in the street or in the doorway or on the balcony, or at a window, or whether the window is shut or open or half open. In Eastbourne Borough Council v Stirling [Times, 16th November 2000] a taxi driver was convicted because, although he was on private land, he targeted for hire people on the street. Bound by these judgements Moji will be convicted as the mischief the Act sought to eliminate was prostitution targeted on streets. This effectively re-writes law and criticism follows that it is an encroachment on the sovereignty of parliament; undermines the separation of powers and allows judges to arbitrarily decide cases. However, under the doctrine of judicial precedence this can be restricted (Slapper and Kelly: 2009). (c) Rosalyn is charged with soliciting from the high street In some cases application of the literal rule leads to an absurdity such as Whiteley v Chappell  where the defendant was charged in accordance with the words to impersonate any person entitled to vote. He was acquitted because a dead person is not literally entitled to vote. Another case illustrating the problem with the literal rule is Cheeseman v DPP [Times, 2nd November 1990] where a defendant was acquitted because police officers were not passengers. Had the mischief rule been used it wouldve produced correct verdicts according to common sense and the intentions of Parliament as the Acts aimed to bring to justice those committing fraud and indecency. In some situations though, the literal rule suffices to deliver the intentions of a statute. The Street Offences Act 1959 section 1(4) defines street, amongst other definitions, as for the time being open to the public shall be treated as forming part of the street. A high street is, according to the Oxford English Dictionary 2005, catering to the needs of the ordinary public. With such an interpretation Rosalyn will be convicted.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
When I woke up that day, I was so excited because we were going to go to the holiday. I had packed my stuff the day before. And then we were ready to go! That was my first fly and I was anxious a little bit but my mother told me that there was no reason to be anxious. After an hour, we finally landed to Antalya. Then we arrived to the hotel. While bellboy was carrying our stuff to our room, I was thinking about what will I do next. I decided to go to the pool but I lost my way to the pool. There was noone to help me and I was so scared.Then I found my way to the pool because my cousin arrived my help. We had so much fun in the pool. We dived and danced in the pool. There were some tourists at the pool and we talked with them. One of them is Shymi. She is a Russian. Other one is Harry. He is a British. After we met, we decided to drink something and went to the cafe. My cousin and I ordered lemonade, Shymi ordered coke and Ollie ordered some icetea. While we were drinking our drinks, we talked about our home countries. Shymi told that she like to feel warmth on her skinbut she can barely see the sun in Russia.And Harry said that he can barely see the sun either, because of the pouring rain. After a little more chit-chat, dinner time came and 4 of us went to the dining hall. We ate something, took our drinks and went to the coast. We sat somewhere and while we were dirinking our sodas, we talked abour ourselves. At that time, sea was amazing. While they were talking, My thoughts were engulfed by the sound of waves. That was really amazing. Relaxing sounds took me so inside of them that I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t hear what they said to me. After we sang some songs, we went to our rooms to sleep.Next day I woke up so happy and when I looked my cousin, I saw that she wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t wake up yet but my sister had woken up already. I whispered her to go to the bathroom and bring some water. She did what I told and we spilled the water to her face. She woke up screaming and start ed to chase us in the room. We went to the breakfast and ate some careal, drunk some orange juice. As my mother said, when you eat something, you should wait 30 minutes before swim. Otherwise bad things can happen. We played some table tenis while we were waiting. After 45 minutes, we went to the pool and met there with Shymi and Harry.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
HSBC Bank (China) is one of the first foreign banks to incorporate locally in mainland. As a foreign-owned bank, HSBC has the largest services network among foreign banks, targeting the middle-class individuals and business-oriented individuals in China. With the globalization, China is seen as the biggest market in the world. The general environment will bring great effect to the future development of the HSBC (China). The specific analysis is as follow. 1. Demographic Environment China has the largest population in the globe that the number has already reached 1.4 billion. Most of the people are living in the east and middle areas. In other words, the middle and above-middle-class people assemble in these two areas with the demand of bank service. (National Bureau of Statistic of China, 2011) As the societal pressure growing heavier, less people are willing to give birth to baby so that the problem of population aging arises. According to the reform and opening policies, the east and south areas are better developed than the central and the west. People in the coastal region have higher average income than others. As a result, HSBC (China) mostly build its banking network in the east and south areas, which are so called first-tier cities. Meanwhile, it has also expanded branches in some second-tier cities in the central area of China. 2. Economic Environment As an emerging market, China is developing at a very fast speed with continually growing Gross Domestic Product as well as high export surplus. However, in terms of global environment, the world still not recovers from the economic recession. The financial market in mainland has been impacted that the exchange rate of RMB has gone higher and higher, which has been result in the inflation. To better control the financial market, the interest rate has been increased to limit the cash flow in the market and personal saving rate goes up that people are encouraged to save money in banks rather than investing. Another economic factor putting effect on HBCS in China is the unemployment rate. China government devotes into keeping the unemployment rate low and stable, because once the rate rises sharply, this will destroy the harmony of the society. Consequently, HSBC (China) should take this factor into account to obtain trust and support from the local government. 3. Political Environment In China, banks are supervised by the China Banking Regulatory Commission. There are many barriers setting in front of those foreign banks in China, such as foreign banks are not permitted to establish a business of any scale in the mainland, since the Chinese legislations limit on how many local banking operations can lean on foreign banks. On the other hand, the new parties have held the power, which means new policies and new reform may come into being. Different policies and reform will significantly affect the existence of HSBC in China. With the improvement of the capital market, the financial environment will be deregulated and gain a more loosening environment. Moreover, foreign banks in China have to be charged tax, which will increase the cost and lower the profits of HSBC in mainland. As the compulsory education popularizing, more and more people think highly of the banking service. They become to have good knowledge to the banking items and are tied closely to those services. 4. Socio-cultural Environment Banks serve for peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s demand and need. PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards banks is influenced by the social-cultural environment. In China, customers are more conservative that they prefer saving money. Therefore, more emphasis should be put on the retail banking services in mainland. Recent years, with the impact of financial crisis, people are less trusting banks. Banks are seen as greedy organizations by the public, which was result from arbitrary banking charges. 5. Technological Environment Technological change can bring new style of business to organizations. It can change both the product and business way. Since the constant improvement of the Internet, HSBC has launched its online banking services in China. People can have an electronic account to check userÃ¢â¬â¢s balances and transactions, make transfer as well as pay bills. Simultaneously, doing business through the Internet not only save the time for customers, but also simplify the business process for HSBC so that they can cut large amount of cost. Furthermore, the development of the mobile phone also benefits the banking services. People can easily access to their account through the mobile Internet. Secondly, particular applications have been invented for mobile users to manipulate their banking service. For example, HSBC has its own applications which can be used for IOS (iphone) and Android operating systems. These applications are convenient to use and also help HSBC to saving labor as well as time cost. 6. Global Environment The global environment is somewhat cannot be controlled by the organizations itself. The global economy stays in a recession for a period of time and seems to be difficult to recover from it. The subsequent influences of the financial crisis affect the economy in China. HSBC (China) has earned less profit these years. Although the macro environment is not so optimistic, China is still the hugest potential market around the world. Besides China, there are still many emerging countries appear in the world, like India. In the future, HSBC (China) should pay attention to create more advantage competitiveness than those HSBC banks in other international regions. Reference Eternity in an hour. (2009). Environmental Analysis-HSBC(A Marketing Perspective). Available from: http://cloudchronicler.net/2009/10/14/environmental-analysis-hsbc-draft-copy/ HSBC Bank (China) Company Limited Fact Sheet. (2013). Available from: http://www.hsbc.com.cn/1/PA_1_083Q9FFKG80E20RA9Q00000000/content/china/about/docs/factsheeten.pdf HSBC Bank (China). (2013). About HSBC (China). Available from: http://www.hsbc.com.cn/1/2/hsbc-china-cn Sina News. (2012). The War of the Interest Rate. Available from: http://news.dichan.sina.com.cn/2012/08/02/539030.html Studymode. (2012). A PEST Analysis Report of HSBC. Available from: http://www.studymode.com/essays/Pest-Analysis-Hsbc-Holding-Plc-1206636.html The Wall Street Journal. (2011). In China, Foreign Banks Still Lag Behind. Available from:http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111904491704576574281790473152.html
Friday, November 8, 2019
Persecute, Prosecute Persecute, Prosecute Persecute, Prosecute By Sharon Persecute and prosecute are occasionally mixed up. Persecute means to torment or cause suffering, usually because of some perceived difference. School bullies persecute those whom they perceive to be weaker than they are. In the adult world, people may be persecuted because of their religious beliefs, political beliefs, ethnicity, sexual orientation or social grouping. Prosecution, on the other hand, involves bringing legal charges against someone. In some US states jaywalkers are prosecuted. That means that they face court charges because they crossed the road at the wrong time. And these days, if you have been persecuted for your beliefs, you are often able to prosecute your persecutor. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:The Yiddish Handbook: 40 Words You Should KnowItalicizing Foreign WordsWhat the Heck are "Peeps"?
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Globalization and Global Warming Essays Globalization and Global Warming Paper Globalization and Global Warming Paper Essay Topic: Global Warming This was a time of invention and creation; where man made machine and machine changed society. Not only did the machine change society, but it also changed the atmospheric gases more specifically, greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases consist of carbon dioxide known to cause the greatest amount of global warming methane gas, ozone, and nitrous oxide. These four greenhouse gases act as a blanket over the surface of the earth. As the sun hits the earths surface, the heat is reflected back towards the sun. The heat is then contained by the greenhouse gas blanket and warms the earth. Without this blanket, we would live in a very cold world. This atmospheric balance the earth provides is currently being tested by man. What happens when we expel our own greenhouse gases? The blanket thickens and it traps in more heat. This extra heat upon the earths surface is known as global warming. Therefore, global warming can be defined as the effect that increased greenhouse gases have on the earths atmosphere. The increase of greenhouse gases are the result of two economical factors: the burning of fossil fuels for energy, and deforestation for industrialization. The first factor contributes to the majority of the expelled greenhouse gases hat is: The Burning of Fossil Fuels As globalization spreads and increases industry, it also increases the deposit of polluting gases into the atmosphere. One such gas is carbon dioxide. The release of CO is more specifically caused from the burning of oil, coal, and gas. These three natural fuels, which are used in manufacturing and industrial growth, have constituted roughly 75% of human generated CO emissions expelled into the atmosphere during the past 20 years (EPIC WIG). : Here is a graph supporting the increases of CO: Indicators of the human influence on the atmosphere during the Industrial pica (EPIC Chart 1) As you can see, this graph stops in the year 2000. Assuming there was an energy increase in the past 6 years by rapidly developing nations such as China and India, along with developed nations consistent energy use, we can also assume the CO concentration has continued its vertical climb. Deforestation The destruction or clearing (as some companies might put it) of the worlds forests are due in most part to agricultural needs and industrialization. Why scientists agree that this practice is detrimental to the environment can be summed up in two ways: 1 . Reese act like sponges that suck in carbon dioxide and convert it to oxygen 2. When trees are burned, they release the stored carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere, adding to the pollution Hence, the more trees that are burned, the less carbon dioxide gets harbored. According to Greengrocer, Thirty percent of the carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere over the past 1 50 years is thought to come from deforestation, but this is a small amount compared to what is still stored in forests. The Canadian and Russian boreal forests alone hold 40 percent of the worlds carbon stocks (Greengrocer Science). In other areas of the world, carbon stocks are not being contained, but continually released through deforestation. Global Forest Watch, an independent appropriation that provides current information on forest development stated: In 2002, about 47% of the Brazilian Amazon was under some type of human pressure; recent estimates comparing this figure with new data from 2005 show that human pressure has increased by 7% (Global forest watch). Not only are we losing the possibility of finding rare tropical plants that could be converted into pharmaceuticals, but we are also destroying indigenous immunities that dot the Amazon rainforests. It is understandable that deforestation is need for civilization, but there are ways we can curb its destruction and preserve the rainforests. Contributors of Global Warming f your means of transportation today did not consist of walking or riding a bike, chances are, you contributed to the burning of fossil fuels. Americans would not be able to survive without the use of fossil fuels. We produce them in our cars, our homes, and even in our waste. The bottom line is: fossil fuels create energy, and we need energy. So, it is not surprising that Americans are expansible for 25% of the greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere, despite having only 5% of the worlds population. (Stir 47) This makes America the largest polluter in the world. It is evident that when a country becomes a world leader through Gross Domestic Product (GAP), the focus becomes business. The need for business profits by corporations capitalizing on industry have an impact on the environment. Unfortunately, many industries do not take into consideration the effects their business has on the environment. Below is a chart comparing three countries the United States, Former Soviet union, and Japan and their CO emissions: [pica] (EPIC Chart 2) In 2005 according to the CIA World Fastback, these same three countries had Gaps Of $12. 3 trillion, $4 trillion, and $1. 6 trillion respectively (GAP). While the U. S. Has nearly doubled its GAP, you can bet as a developed nation, it has also increased it CO emissions. But, developed countries like the United States and Japan cant be blamed for emitting all the CO into the atmosphere due to their industrialization. We must also look at developing countries such as China and Brazil who, while spring to increase their standard of living, are also increasing their energy use. As these nations develop and increase their industrialization, they intern release substantial amounts of CO into the atmosphere. With the ever-increasing CO emissions and deforestation, what does it mean for the stability of our environment? The Threats and Consequences of Global Warming? The aforementioned greenhouse gas emissions and the deforestation process have been contributing to the global warming crisis. The most recent supporting evidence was reported by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Control (EPIC) in 2001. Established in 1988 due to climate change curiosity, the EPIC is composed of over 2,000 scientists and is regarded as the foremost authority on climate change by the United Nations (Wisped EPIC). They concluded, through a 2600 page comprehensive analysis of scientific research, that global warming is in fact caused by CO emissions and deforestation. According to the EPIC, the two primary factors of global warming are temperature and sea level. Using the latest research and the current trends in global warming, the EPIC predictions through the end Of the 21st century are as follows OPAC SUM)I A rise of global temperatures from 2. 50 to 10. 40 F from 4 to 3 Rising of Global Temperature A rise of Sea levels The effects of this variable are quite profound. Scientists predict it could increase the frequency and magnitude of hurricanes; similar to what happened on the U. S. s Gulf Coast in the fall of 2005. They predict it could also do the same to El Onion; which is felt on the west coast especially in Southern California. Southern Californians fire season begins towards the end of summer, due to the dry climate. In the fall of 2002, San Diego felt the effects of an out-of- intro fire. What started as human error, continued for weeks, as brush and forest fires tore through San Diego Country. Its duration and strength was assisted by warm El Onion winds. Since El Onion thrives from available heat, you could say global warming is feeding El Onions hunger. In 1 998 National Geographic had this to say about II Onion: El Onions abnormal effects on the main components of climate?sunshine, temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, cloud formation and ocean currents?changed weather patterns across the equatorial Pacific and in turn around the globe In the past 98 years there have been 23 El NIFOC and 15 La Mafias. Of the centurys ten most powerful El Onions, four?the four strongest?have occurred since 1980. (Supple) Considering it is possible global warming energize the climate event El Infix, it can also melt glaciers. A widespread retreat of non-polar glaciers during the 20th century, and a 10% decrease in world snow cover since the 1 asss was captured by satellite imagery; the shrinking of snow cover and the retreat of glaciers are not expected to slow down during the 21st century (EPIC SUM). Researchers agree that melting glaciers coupled with melting ice sheets, like those covering Antarctica and Greenland, will become significant factors in causing the sea levels to rise. Rising Sea Levels Rising sea levels could devastate coastal tourism spots. This may become a very costly problem for coastal cities. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has estimated a one foot rise along the eastern seaboard by 2050. According to researchers, if this rise were to occur on the west coast, which is more likely than not, California would lose 2-4 feet of beach due to erosion. (EPIC Chart 3) The EPA also had this to say about rising sea levels: Rising sea level inundates wetlands and other low-lying lands, erodes beaches, intensifies flooding, and increases the salinity of rivers, bays, and groundwater tables. Some of these effects may be further compounded by other effects of changing climate. Measures that people take to protect private property from rising sea level may have adverse effects on the environment and on public uses of beaches and waterways. (ERA) Even though the damage to the U. S. s coastline would be expensive, planet earth has over 4 billion people outside the U. S. Hat live on a coastal plain. (Greengrocer Going) Rising sea levels could completely demolish low-lying coastal cities around the world: New York, Miami, Tokyo, San Diego, and London are a few such cities that could experience rising sea levels first-hand. Poor, undeveloped countries that lack technology, would be the ones to lose entire populations from a force that is beyond their control. What can we do to stop this rising tide? Recommendations to Slow Global Warming Adhere to the Kyoto Protocol Increase forestation Kyoto Protocol The Kyoto Protocol, which began in 1997, has developed an international ready to cut greenhouse gas emissions. The overall goal is for countries to lower these emissions to 1990 levels by 2008. For the policies to take effect, 55 countries that accounted for at least 55% of the greenhouse gas emissions in 1 990 must ratify the protocol. The founders of the Kyoto Protocol United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFROCK), require countries that have ratified the protocol to: Enhance energy efficiency methods on the countries largest polluters Tax economic sectors that are the countries largest polluters Research, develop, and implement new forms of energy Promote forestation UNFROCK) Only a few countries have said no to this protocol. Unfortunately, the United States is one of those countries. As a world leader, we should ratify the Kyoto Protocol and enforce its requirements on our industry. Our government could give tax cuts for companies utilizing new technology with a low-carbon output. This technology could be in the form of: hydro-electric, wind, or solar power. We could also enforce strict pollution policies to regulate and limit what can be released in to the environment. Other enforcements could be directed at absorbing the CO in the atmosphere through forestation. Increase Forestation Forests act as sponges to suck up, or decrease, the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Curtailing the lumber and logging industry in the U. S. Is a first step towards increasing forestation. This is especially true of the industries in and around the Amazon. Because rainforests are denser than ordinary forests, they absorb much more carbon dioxide. Plus, the rainforests trap in precipitation to prevent flooding, and preserve bio-diversity and indigenous cultures. Another, more realistic approach is to plant trees and re-grow the forests. One example of this approach is happening in China. Due to deforestation, the Chinese government requires those between the ages of 11 and 60 to plant up to 5 trees per year; they claim to have planted 1 billion trees in the past 20 years. (Wisped Deforestation) Conclusion Global warming affects everyone; it has no boundaries. It is not intended to directly harm other cultures and peoples, but it inadvertently does through continually disregard for the environment. This disregard happens when nations become industrialized: more specifically from burning fossil fuels and the deforestation process. But, we do have the power of choice.
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Mrs. Fields' Cookies - Case Study Example Expansion of business makes it excessively difficult for an entrepreneur to maintain ties with the customers and obtain immediate responses when need be. As such, customers lose the sense of belonging to the business and feel less appreciated and might avoid buying from the business thus impacting negatively on the businessÃ¢â¬â¢ revenues and reputation. Similarly, effective communication is vital in the success of any business. Mrs. FieldsÃ¢â¬â¢ allowed communication to take place freely irrespective of positions, a factor that can cause rumormongering and leaking of vital information that might confound the businessÃ¢â¬â¢ operations. Effective arrangement of stock entices customers to a business. If stock is disorganized, customers tend to avert shopping in such places and sales plummets. Expansion into international markets requires that a business is acquainted with the culture, tastes and preferences of the people in the new country to avoid being rejected and circumvented by customers for violating important cultural norms. In expanding a business, one should guarantee that the touch with the customers is not lost and this can be attained by maintaining an operation level that can meritoriously be managed and pay attention to any customer feedback received. Additionally, the vine-yard communication system should be maintained to ensure that messages are passed ceremoniously and professionally to avoid misleading information from spreading. Stock should be arranged dexterously to attract customersÃ¢â¬â¢ attention and shun placing unconnected items on the serving counter. Finally, when expanding into new markets with different cultures, one should be able to culturally appeal to the new customers by manufacturing and offering products that are culturally acceptable as well as suit the tastes, wants and preferences. This should be ascertained by conducting an extensive cultural screening prior to
Friday, November 1, 2019
Floating and Fixed Exchange Rate Regimes Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words
Floating and Fixed Exchange Rate Regimes - Essay Example Views on the cause and lessons of the Mexican monetary crisis differ as evidence in numerous media articles and educational studies subsequent the crash. To some, the depression of the peso was a terrible mistake. To others, the final collapse seemed predictable and the only subject was timing. Dornbusch, Goldfajn, and Valdes fit in to the latter. They quality the disaster to the nominal exchange rate fasten and unsustainable real approval of the peso. This view is communal by Obstfeld who states that it is dangerous to rely on the exchange rate as the main long-term instrument for plummeting chronic high price rises. Similarly, Edwards blames the unsustainable present account deficit, caused by genuine approval and financed by large assets inflows, for the peso fall down The instinct that the slope of the Phillips curve is connected to openness is based on models of little open economies with supposed rigidities. In such models, surprising monetary expansion characteristically leads to real money depreciation. There are potentially two belongings on the trade-off. When price rises is measured in terms of a customer cost index, the result of the depreciation on the domestic cost of imports will add to the price raises cost of a financial expansion. Meanwhile, if salary is partly indexed to a customer cost index, or if overseas goods are old as intermediate inputs in home production, the production gain to a known monetary growth will be abridged. Both effects denote that the Phillips curve is probable to be steeper in comparatively unlock economies, but this theory has hardly ever been experienced (http://www.imf.org/external/pubs). Clearly the quarrel rests winning systematic exchange rate effects of financial shocks. As discussed by Obstfeld and Rogoff (1996, pp. 621-22) the conservative wisdom is that main strategy shifts are indeed linked with exchange rate changes, precisely as predicted by powerful models with supposed rigidities such as that of Dornbusch (1976). They quote as examples the Volcker depression of the early 1980s in the United States, the Thatcher-Howe depression in the United Kingdom at the similar time, and the experiences of more than a small number of Latin American countries in the 1990s. That supposed, Obstfeld and Rogoff also summit out that the aptitude of the Mundell-Fleming-Dornbusch model to forecast exchange rate changes methodically is rather additional contentious. The Impacts of Capital Inflows A country's equilibrium of payments (BOP) can be alienated into two parts: the in general balance (OB) and the equilibrium of official set aside transactions (OR). The technological setup of BOP is such that OB + OR = 0. OB consists of the present account equilibrium (C) and the non-official assets account equilibrium (K) (hereafter this is just referred to as the assets explanation all through the paper). OR reflects the monetary authority's interference in the overseas exchange market. Under a merely floating exchange rate regime, the monetary right is not compelled to interfere so that the exchange rate will regulate in a