Thursday, February 28, 2019
Susan B Anthony
Susan B. Anthony 1820 1906 Through her accomplishments and continual dedication to the make, the woman suffrage movement, Susan B. Anthony became mavin of the most historically significant figures in American history. Her life long fight for womens correctlys led to the 1920 passage of the Nineteenth Amendment. Born in 1820, Susan was one of sextette children to Daniel and Lucy Anthony. Daniel, a 6th generation champion, believed in equal treatment for boys and girls.Although in the 1800s most girls did non receive a formal education, because of her get downs belief of equality, all four of the Anthony girls were given the same fortune as their two brothers and was able to attend a private Quaker boarding school in Philadelphia (World Book Encyclopedia). The fasting movement, anti-slavery movement and womens rights were some of the reform movements that the Anthony family was very active in. Her knowledge and involvement with these movements became the rear end on which s he built her life. In 1852, Ms.Anthony attended a Sons of Temperance pass on convention and because she is a woman she was not allowed to speak in the temperance rally, instead she was told to listen and learn. Due to her experience at this carry convention as well as her meeting with Elizabeth C. Stanton, she attended her outgrowth womens rights convention. It was at this convention that Anthony was quoted saying that the right which woman needful above every other, the one indeed which would secure to her all the others, was the right of suffrage (Linder 2011, pg 1).Both Stanton and Anthony advocated and worked for reforms for their sex, including property rights, custody rights, and the right to education and gainful avocation (Hartmann 2012, pg 600). Susan B. Anthony along with her friend Elizabeth C. Stanton demonstrateed the National Womans Suffrage stand in 1869, where they worked together, for womens suffrage, for over fifty years. The year 1872 brought and event to S usans life that in turn would create a opportunity for her to sprinkle her argument for women suffrage to a frequently wider audience than ever before.She argued, wheresoever possible, that the 14th Amendment said that all soulfulnesss born and naturalized in the unify States are citizens of the coupled States and citizens were entitle to privileges and Susan proclaimed that those privileges included the right to vote. So in November o 1872, in her home town of Rochester, New York, Susan and a group of fifty women walked into a voter registration office and demanded to be registered as voters.Election inspectors refused but Anthony did not give up and after much discussion between the elections officials and Anthonys persistence, it was voted two to one to accept her vote. Susan had the rejoicing of casting her ballot into the ballot box on November 5, 1872 and wrote a earn to her close friend Elizabeth Stanton, telling her of the accomplishment. However, just days later, on November 14, 1872 a warrant for Anthonys arrest was issued. The charge was that Anthony voted in a federal official election without having a lawful right to vote and in assault of section 19 of an act of coition (Linder 2001, pg 3).On January 24, 1873, a grand instrument panel of twenty men returned an indictment against Anthony and charged her with wittingly, wrongfully, and unlawfully voting for a member of Congress. On June 17, 1873, Anthonys trial began. Though the lawyers for Anthony argued that she reasonably believed that she was entitled to vote and therefore could not be held guilty for the crime of knowingly casting an illegal vote. Her lawyer even called himself to the witness stand to aver on her behalf. He explained that she called upon him seeking legal advice as to whether she was or was not a legal voter.Henry Selden, Anthonys attorney, stated that he unhesitatingly cognizant her that the laws and Constitution of the United States authorize her to vote as well as they authorize any man to vote. As the trial moved forward, Selden move to argue the Anthony cast a legal vote by the definitions of the Fourteenth Amendment and stressed that she was prosecuted purely on account of her gender. The Fourteenth Amendment explains what constitutes citizenship, securing the rights of citizens to all person born of naturalized in the United States.Selden concluded his argument by insisting that even if the Fourteenth Amendment did not make her vote legal, that she could not be prosecuted because she acted in good faith and believe that her vote was in fact, legal. Though her legal fight was a sound one, Anthony was ultimately found guilty and ordered her to pay a fine of one deoxycytidine monophosphate dollars and the fees of the prosecution. Anthony never paid a penny of her fine. In fact, she submitted a call for to the United States Congress in January of 1874, asking for the fine to be remitted on the grounds that her conviction was unjust.Con gress never acted on Anthonys petition, but Congress also did not make an effort to ever collect the fine. flush after her arrest, Susan B. Anthony continued her fight for womens rights. She began a speaking ecstasy giving a lecture she called Is it a Crime for a Citizen of the United States to Vote? She gave 75-100 speeches a year, over a span of forty-five years, change of location throughout the United States and continuing to fight the battle- when all United States citizens shall be recognized as equals before the law. Although Susan B.Anthony passed away before getting to walk on air in the passing of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, which gave women the right to vote, it goes without saying that Susan B. Anthony was and eternally will be a significant woman in American History. The path that she laid down for womens rights was a long one but one that she never refused to give up on. Because of her commitment to the cause and her persistent struggle and battle for womens suffrage, she is known for her pivotal authority in paving the way to have womens rights instituted into the American government. ?