Saturday, March 30, 2019
Incidents And Leaders Interaction Within The Movie History Essay
Incidents And lead Interaction Within The Movie History EssayThis radical analyses the theories and concepts of principaling of key characters in the movie, Invictus. The key characters analysed argon chairwoman Nelson Mandela and Francois Pienaar, sea schoolmaster of the southeast Afri give the sack rugger group.Based on a intensity written by John Carlin, Playing the Enemy Nelson Mandela and the Game That Changed a Nation, the movie is directed by award-winning director Clint Eas bothod. Starring Morgan freeman as professorship Nelson Mandela and Matt Damon plays Francois Pienaar, who is the current captain of the Springboks, the sulfur Afri trick rugby squad, it was released in the United States in mid-December 2009.2.0 SYNOPSIS OF MOVIE storylineThe story centres around veritable(a)ts before and during the 1995 Rugby being transfuse, hosted in to the south Africa shortly afterwards the fall of apartheid with the release of political pris whizzr Nelson Mandela . Mandela was held in a prison on Robben Island for close to 27 eld. As the unfermented elected chairman, Mandela vowed to get together the South Africa population which is currently mixed bag integrity into both groups the white state who originated from Europe and came to South Afri mint in the s hithertoteeth century cognise as Afrikaners and the native smutty population of the democracy. The movie basically shows professorship Mandelas attempt to commingle both groups in withstanding the countrys rugby aggroup, the Springboks (rugby was traditionally a white sport) and steering the aggroup as it do a historic drive towards winning the 1995 Rugby World cup Championship.Despite all betting odds and initial resistance, the sullen natives of South Africa short began to show interest in the Springboks. As the squad up up wins to a capaciouser extent and to a greater extent games, they continue to receive rising support from both the Afrikaners and the forbi dding natives. The aggroup obtaind unexpected achiever in the 1995 Rugby World Cup final exam, defeating the impregnableest contrary in the tournament, New Zealand, which brought cheer not b bely to the Afrikaners but in like manner to the black natives all over the country as they celebrated the groups victory. This of necessity began to bridge the divide between the devil groups that had been there for centuries due to apartheid.The entitle Invictus is translated from the Latin as undefeated or unconquered, and is the title of a poesy by English poet William Ernest Henley (1849-1903). The ending saw the recitation of verses from the poem step up of the night that covers me, Black as the pit from pole to pole,I convey whatever gods whitethorn be For my unconquerable soul.In the fell prehend of circumstance I put one over not winced nor cried aloud.Under the bludgeonings of chance my question is bloody, but unbowed.Beyond this place of wrath and tears Looms but the v illainy of the shade,And yet the menace of the years Finds and shall find me unafraid.It matters not how strait the gate, How aerated with punishments the scroll,I am the master of my fate I am the captain of my soul.Leaders in the movieThere be clearly two distinguished loss championers in the movie professorship Nelson Mandela despite having to caseful other pressing issues to build the country in his prototypic experimental condition as president, Mandela is committed to his pledge to re conflate the people of South Africa. He tries to pass on this by sports, namely rugby in which the country is hosting in the acquireing year.Francois Pienaar, captain of the Springboks (South Afri shadower Rugby squad). Pienaar faces a tough challenge from professorship Mandela to drive his team to win the 1995 Rugby World Cup Championship, something he never thought possible before.Role of leadersNewly-elected president Nelson Mandela plays a leading role as the person who tries to unite the divided groups of white Afrikaners and the black South Afri green goddess natives with the end of apartheid. He guesss that it can be achieved through rugby, which is the number one sport for the white Afrikaners. With his strong belief in the provide of the game, Mandela went against the wishes of his own staff and follows his instincts to pursue his target.Mandela sedately leads by model, displaying great leading skills through his quiet reflective impudence in contemplating decisions, his commitment to achieve whatever he sets out to do and the guidance he touches other peoples lives and emotions with his personalized conference style.Meanwhile, Francois Pienaar admires chair Mandelas aspirations to unite the people of South Africa and was inspired by his dedication and perseverance to achieve his goal. Through his leaders and commitment, Pienaar steadily builds his teams confidence and began to win much and more touch ones, and eventually brought his team to victory against the strongest opponent, New Zealand, in the final match of the 1995 Rugby World Cup.3.0 leaders ASPECTSIncidents inwardly the movie involving the leaders cardinal incident shows a sporting organization where all charge members atomic number 18 black natives, and they conform to to pass a motion to change the name, burnish and logo of the rugby team to suit a different and blacker South Africa. Currently, the rugby team represents the pride of the Afrikaners and is despised by the black natives as they see it as a symbol of apartheid. However, President Mandela who arrives at the impact just after the voting mold asks the committee members to rethink their decisions in the context of amity for the country and the good of the population. In the end, he manages to contact 13 chooses on his side which is ample for him to lay aside the Springboks.Mandelas style of participative leadership is very admirable. He always encourages those operative under him t o think otherwise to the highest degree surrounding issues. A good example would be the one concerning his personal security group. Instead of being suspicious about the truth and commitment of his white security staff, he directed the security head, a black Soth African native, to contrive together with their super experienced counterparts and catch from them. He withal treats the white security staff well even though some of them were against him when he was in prison.Days before the final match, Pienaar as captain of the rugby squad claims that the team needs a break. They head to Robben Island with their girlfriends to take their minds off the game. There, Pienaar visited the jail where Mandela was held. Standing inside Mandelas genuine jail cell, Pienaar is dismayed to discover how petty(a) the cell is and with nothing to pile on except a thin sheet on the raw ground. up to now the man who was held in this cell for nearly 26 years can easily forgive those who put hi m in prison, and has great plans to unite the people of the country.Incidents and leaders interaction inwardly the context of the moviePresident Mandela invites Pienaar to tea for their first impact. Mandela believes that he can achieve the unity that he plotted for through rugby and needed Pienaars assistance to get the support of the Afrikaners. Pienaar was charmed by Mandelas personal style and warmth upon his arrival at the Government House. He besides observed that Mandela treated everyone around him with great compliance, even the lady who served them tea.During the brief meeting, Mandela skillfully challenges Pienaar to think positively about winning the upcoming Rugby World Cup Championship. He dual-lane his vision on the importance of winning the championship to South Africa to unite the people via a World Cup victory. Pienaar who was impressed with the presidents quiet leadership, personal commitment and motivation to achieve the vision soon began to see the odds of winning the cup as a possibility, thus inspires him to lead this team to train harder that before.Leaders behaviour and characteristicsIn this movie, Mandela skillfully demonstrates his people-oriented leadership style. For instance, even on his first day in office as the recently-elected President of South Africa, he showed great courtesy to all his staff, blacks and whites, by come up to and smiling at everybody whom he passed by on his way to his suite. This take in him great respect from all staff, especially the white Afrikaners who thought they would be sacked once a black leader assumed office.Mandela to a fault decided to maintain the former white staff and builds an administrative team of both groups. The same too applies to his security staff. In order to lead by example and to achieve the unity he had long planned for, he believes that his team must reflect his vision.4.0 DESCRIPTION AND DISCUSSION OF LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOURLeadership behaviourLeadership styles be of i mport to fortunately lead teams in organisations. There are various styles of leadership that can be observed and are practised by leaders in todays organisations, but theories mostly centre these twoThe first group displays task-oriented behaviours, whereby the leader only manages the daily activities of his subordinates towards accomplishing a task which was predetermined.The second set involves people-oriented behaviour, also known as participative leadership. Leaders in this group normally come through a supportive role by encouraging his subordinates to get compound in decision making on the project that they are locking on. This results in a positive work environment which increases productivity of the team as they feel that they are part of the decision making process and thus own the project.Evidently, both sets of behaviours are important to create a balance in successful leadership. President Mandela excellently displayed both task-oriented and participative leadership styles in his quest to build the soil. He sought the help and society of Pienaar to transform the image of the Springboks in the eyes of the black natives. Through Pienaars leadership, the team members successfully won the hearts of the black natives and garner their support which steered the team to victory.Change agent capabilitiesBasically, a change agent is someone who can motivate others around him to produce higher degree of output, to do more and to achieve cleanse things in their lives.Change agents require emotional intelligence operation to ensure people are totally engaged in a project. People who are exceedingly supportive of the purpose and are highly committed to achieve the objectives of the project allow for contribute to better productivity and chances of meeting the goals and objectives are maximised. A change agent needs to have high competencies in soft skills, namely excellent people and communication skills, to encourage peoples involvement and minimise resistance. He or she must be able to reach out to the inner values and beliefs of the people voluminous in the project in order to implement change with the people.Clearly, President Mandela has demonstrated his capabilities in becoming the change agent for South Africas unity and progress. President Mandela demonstrates these managerial traits effectively through leading by example and motivating people through his great respect for others and personal humility. His quiet confident manner and strong commitment in conveying his visions and aspirations also encourage others around him to do amazing things that they never thought they are capable of doing before.Able to support, able to break dance new ideas and recognize acquisitionDespite the hostility shown towards his support for the Springboks, President Mandela stood his ground and diligently and bravely at melted the rugby matches. He even made an effort to study the names of all the players and greeted them personally by their name before the matches and during practices.In order to promote foreign investment in build South Africas economy with is also laden with issues, Mandela administrative team tries to ensure that President Mandela receives wide press coverage whenever he meets with other institution leaders to discuss bilateral relationships.5.0 IDENTIFICATION AND EXPLANATION OF INCIDENTSExecutive summary of the two incidents selected.President Mandela read the new concerning the upheaval in management of the Springboks team after he assumes the new position. He started to devise how to unite the people of South Africa and saw rugby as the vehicle that might work to bridge the divide. He understands that most Afrikaners are afraid of losing their identity when a black leader becomes president of the country and that the Springboks rugby team is traditionally very important to the white population. He thus decides to use the Springboks as a means to unite the population and the upcoming R ugby World Cup Championship as the event that will fuck off them together. subsequently when Mandela came to know that a sports committee which comprise all black members voted to change the identity of the rugby team by changing the name, logo and distort of the Springboks to reflect a new and blacker South Africa, he personally move to attend the meeting and asked the committee members to rethink their decisions and explain the implications that their decisions might bring onto the unity of the South African population. He managed to get a small following of 13 votes on his side however, the small majority was enough to keep the Springboks intact. He then forges ahead with his plan to unite the black and white population through rugby.Pienaar also does his part to support President Mandelas commitment to unite the people of South Africa and instill pride in his teammates towards aunited country. In his first attempt to get the message across, Pienaar tries to make his team act ually sing the South African national anthem by giving them copies of the anthems lyrics. However, his teammates show clear disinterest and merely scrunch up their copies. Later, they are forced by the President to take occasional breaks from rugby and go out into the poorer areas of South Africa and teach rugby to the natives as a way to inculcate interest of the game to the black natives. At first, only Chester who is the teams sole black player is welcomed by the black children but eventually, after many attempts, the full-page team is accepted by the rural population. The team then willingly help introduce the sport to a new generation of children and instil national pride, regardless of race.Involvement of the selected leaders within the incidentIn the first incident, President Mandela takes it upon himself to make sure that the Springboks are able to maintain their name, logo and colours despite differment from the black sports committee members. He stood his ground and clea rly conveyed the message across that what he did was for the good of the countrys unity.In the second incident, Pienaar time-tested to change the attitude of the team players towards embracing their national anthem. Even though he was not successful on his first attempt, the fact that he went on to sing the anthem displayed his willingness to lead by example, hoping that the others will follow suit.Making decision within team, group and individual settingA strategic leader has a team of decision makers to help him reach a consensus when making important decisions. This process of decision-making improves the quality of the decisions, especially when developing crucial planning and policies touch the country.A strategic leader needs a competent team to support his role. Coupled with his knowledge and skills, a strategic leader can lead a team of high performing individuals to create and develop strategic vision and plans utilising available resources and implementing national polic ies. Due to the complexity of todays world economy and global issues, a strategic leader of a nation requires the assistance of a forward-looking team of executives to forge ahead with his plans to achieve his vision.Charismatic and transformational rolesThere are very few leaders who are capable of transformational leadership. However, this is not driveed unfortunate as a leaders eventual(prenominal) job is to keep the organization productive and the people engaged. In trustworthy instances, too much transformation can be chaotic and lead nowhere.In this movie, Mandela was one of the few who can be categorized as a successful transformational leader. He was able to encourage people to believe in themselves so that the organisation can achieve greater heights. For instance, in his first meeting with Pienaar, Mandela explains that a leaders job is to get chase to believe that they are capable of doing more than they think possible. This thinking then leads to the rugby teams vict ory in winning the World Cup Championship.Leaders with these types of behaviours and attitudes tend to draw followers as people are of course attracted to those who display violence and inspire belief in others. These charismatic qualities modify effective leadership.6.0 Critically analyze each of the two and more incidents and consider other optionsthe leaders could have considered and made.Participative leadership, delegation and empowermentParticipative leadership style, which is known to be the topper type of corporate leadership style in organisations today, allows employees to get involved in decision-making process to a certain extent. This participatory style of employee management creates healthy relationship between management and employees as both sides feel that their involvement is sought in the process of achieving the organizations goals and objectives.This leadership technique also promotes the development of future leaders via their participation in determining a common goal for the organization. As involvement of team members are required in decision making, hidden talents can be unearthed and their leadership qualities polished further.In the first incident, President Mandela asserts his decision to let the Springboks keep their identity but at the same time asks the committee members to reconsider their decision. Although he managed to persuade a small minority (13 votes) to agree with him, the number is sufficient and he looks upon it as a small win, not a total defeat. This displays his participative leadership style whereby instead of using his power and bring to change the committees decision, he asked them to rethink their decision and get them to vote again.For the second incident involving Pienaar, as captain of the team he tried to persuade the other members to sing along the national anthem. However, when the team wiped out(p) the paper given to them, he did not reprimand them but went on to sing the anthem. He tried to lead by example, hoping that the team would follow suit once they see him doing so. In encouraging the team to work harder towards achieving their goal of winning the World Cup Championship, Pienaar was seen motivating his team members so that they can all work towards one purpose and perform their best in every match. Pienaar also uses participative leadership to inculcate team expression and camaraderie.Power and influencePower refers to the capacity a person has to influence the decision of another person so that the person acts according to his wishes. The more power a person has, the higher his influence on the whole system is.Meanwhile, influence causes a change in the attitude or behaviour of others and is more of a process which guides the peoples activities towards appropriate directions in meeting management objectives that have been set.As the President of the country, Mandela has both power and influence. However, he skillfully uses his power and influence to generate respec t and support from the people.Pienaar also steadily works his way up to gain trust and respect from his fellow teammates. By commanding their trust and respect, he was capable of transforming the recognition of the rugby team and instill pride and higher commitment from them.managerial traits and skillsPresident Mandela and Pienaar both demonstrate high level of management skills and leadership traits which help them gain support from a population which are ab initio plagued by centuries of racial divide. Mandela inspirational leadership motivates Pienaar to perform better than he ever thought he could. Through Mandelas quiet self-confidence and charisma, Pienaar was overwhelmed and personally look upon him as a great leader. Based on this motivation, Pienaar further his rugby team to work harder and strive for victory.Leading changeMandelas first meeting with Francois Pienaar displays some important leadership lessons. When Piennar was asked by Mandela on his leadership philosop hy, he answers that he believes in leading by example. Mandela concurs with him that leading by example is crucial. In response to another question on how Pienaar inspires people, he affirms that people are inspired through the heart and by what they see. strategical leadershipStrategic leadership refers to leaders who successfully influence hulky groups of people in organisations to act as required establish on established organisational structure, allocated resources and communicated objectives and vision. They are generally functional in a highly complex environment which is influenced by external factors beyond their control.Strategic leaders have to digest information quickly and make correct decisions based on whatever is available to them at the point in time. As such, consequences of their decision affect more people in the organisation and tend to commit more resources. Sometimes, the decisions and initiatives can only implicate long-term plans and may take years to prepar e and execute.Ethical issuesIn this movie, President Mandela transforms the perceptual experience of the black natives on rugby which has always been a white sport. Traditionally, the black natives despise the Springboks which they perceive as representing apartheid. By changing the values through this game, Mandela fruitfully changed the tradition of the population as all of them showed great accord in supporting the rugby team as they made their way to victory.Another example of good value that is displayed in this movie is when President Mandela took over the office of President. Although the white Afrikaner staff thought that they will be asked to leave their jobs when a black leader becomes president of the country, they are surprised when President Mandela asked them to continue working as usual and keep them as part of his administrative team. Although Mandela was subjected to a lot of grievances during the apartheid era, he shows strength of character when he does not disp lay vindictiveness towards the white population. Yet he is able to forgive them and concentrate on uniting the racial divide.7.0 CONCLUSIONIn summary, the movie Invictus is full of great examples of leadership skills and values. President Mandela exhibited excellent leadership and management skills in bringing unity to the country through sports and Pienaar successfully executed his part to garner the nations support to an overpower victory.Clearly, participative leadership and empowerment through consensus and general consultation brings better results compared to achievement of power and influence to move a population. The excellent examples depicted end-to-end the movie indicate the strength of characters of both President Nelson Mandela and Francois Pienaar. Their strengths shone through when presented by challenges upon challenges as they work their way to realising a united South African population.Charismatic leaders with strong commitment and high confidence can transform the impossible into a possibility and create huge success for the organisation. President Mandela displays his charisma as he successfully attracts followers, who initially disagree with his principles, into participating in activities towards achieving his vision. He effectively nurtures their emotions and encourages their hearts to work towards building the unity and accept differences among them as strengths and think positively for a better South Africa.