Friday, March 29, 2019

Portion Control for Weight Management

Portion Control for tilt Man bestride custodytNetan BhardwajLifestyle, social status and frame of mind all count on on your health thus everybody wants a perfect physical appearance, which whitethorn vary based on gender and age, and the way bulk observe it is by attaining an ideal freight. But every challenge comes with obstacles e.g. lack of knowledge, resources and mevery former(a) factors, due to that fact obesity and tilt management absorb away pop off enormous problem amongst individuals of all ages. To a certain achievement minor tilt loss keister alter 1s path of life. Whether its living life to the fullest or being grueling holding you down. And every genius that is over exercising charge or obese is always looking for the easy way let out to lose weight down by not doing whatsoever exercise and take in anything they please. So provoke weight decline rattling occur without any medications, surgery, or even extensive exercise?To begin with, people wh o atomic number 18 obese tend to be uneducated about effects of obesity, nutrition, and depute entertain. Now knowing about the major risk of exposure that obesity brings is a major issue much(prenominal) as 29% of all deaths in Canada ar be front of obesity, where females argon at a taller risk of anxious(p) than males, and learning about these risks can be an eye opener for some and life changer for otherwises. Obesity causes or is close linked with a large number of health conditions like heart disease, stroke, diabetes be effective now to name a few and as numerous as11 types of cancer, including leukemia, colon, breast cancer WHO. 2014. Not just that but obesity as sanitary comes with social and emotional effects including discrimination, slender-scaleer wages, lower Quality of life and people being effected by obesity atomic number 18 more likely susceptible to depression. The type of dieting you eat can provoke a major tinct on your weight i.e. eating a high school skill/ nutritionists calorie dense meal (coffee and a doughnut) can cause overeating whereas eating multiple low energy/calorie meals (juice, a piece of toast, and scrambled eggs) can nominate an provide start of healthy choices by incorporating more nutrition consumption but s twinkle calorie intake and also it can champion with optimum weight management. For instance Rolls. 2014 compiled three systematic studies on various individuals and this is what was conducted.The first psychometric test involved sullen men and overweight women, they were given isocaloric slews of either high or low dense victuals to be eaten daily into a reduced energy diet for 2 months and one division later the group that was given low energy dense soup saying a 50% more reduction hence the other concur group.The second trial nevertheless obese women were tested and they were split into ii groups. One grope was counseled to portion control and eat more body of water rich fo ods (fruits, vegetables) and the other group was asked to eat limited portions ( fecunds and everything else). After a year the group that was told to eat more water rich foods garbled 23% more weight, had a reduction in hunger and felt up greater gratification.In the final trial, participants from trial one and trial two were monitored for six months. It was undercoat that individuals who eat a low energy diet befogged more than 50% of weight and eat300grams more than the high energy diet group. From these trial it can be concluded that for weight management to occur simply saying eat less is not the best show up to reducing the amount of intake. Therefore large portions of low energy dense foods can be used strategically to pass on their lower consumption and caloric intake. If people lowered the density of energy in their diet, they can eat pleasurable portions while managing as thoroughly as maintaining their body weight Rolls. 2014. Also through these trials it can be sa id that a variety of portion control methods can be applied, eating less high energy meals or eating more low energy foods, for exemplary portion management leading to a lower chance of weight gain.Obesity has become a significant problem, it causes more deaths the being underweight, across many regions of multiple countries. Obesity has become such(prenominal) a high risk factor that even token(prenominal) weight loss of 5 to 10% seems to be enough to provide a clinically significant health benefit and reduce the risk of death, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and many other Lagerros. 2013. But there ar limitations to weight loss i.e. physical disabilities, the quality of produce at a supermarket, ethnic acceptance (being fat or over weight considered good, shows how healthy you are), resemblance accessibility (neighborhood around the world tend not to pay any sidewalks thus making it difficult for individuals of all ages to be healthy) as well as neighborhood safety (Place s where criminal activity is high, People are less likely to leave their residence) and other resources. All these aspects play a tremendous role in weight reduction and or weight management.A study done by Amanda Reichards et al. 2014 about adults with physical disabilities with a BMI of 25%. So these individuals were randomized into two weight management approaches. One of these was My house diet (consists of a meal with fruits, vegetables, protein and dairy all in one plate) and the other was Stop waking diet (foods are based on the light consisted in traffic lights such as vegetables/fruits are green, potatoes/ cheese are yellow and fat foods are red) supplemented with portion controlled meals for 6 months. There were 126 enrollees and of those 70% of them completed initial 6 months and 60% of the 70% completed a succeed up phase. The Stoplight diet group reduced weight during initial 6 month and lost more weight during the follow up phase whereas the My plate diet group only lost weight during the initial 6 months from the studies done by Amanda Reichards and her colleagues it can be verbalize that by using portion control, barriers can be vote down for individuals that are overweight and have physical mobility impairments.Consumers are uncovered to many pieces of data such as the media, commercials and promotions. The comparison between two merchandises that are standardised in prices or completely buying a harvest- era for the first time, 58% of the consumers said that they used intersection check offs Wills et al2009.Furthermore, Canadians believe that labels are the most important way to get nutritional data. This source is then shadowed by various forms of media, friends and family, electronic media channels and lastly family physicians or other professionals Willset al.2009. It is notable that family physicians/medical professionals seem to play such a minimal role in general breeding.In the past, significant findings have been conducted by researchers to help modern scientist. Lexis, L (2004) conducted multiple studies where 38% of the peoples portions were controlled and the others werent. The research shows that 5% of the 38% examined sawing machine a weight reduction from their baseline weight whereas the other control group saw a 5% weight gain from their base line. She also did a study on Elevated waist/hip on men and women this a body mass index (BMI) greater the 27. Being overweight comes at a cost and its $656 higher annual medical oversee costs, and the IV results indicate that obesity raises annual medical costs by $2741 in 2005 dollars. Cawley J. 2012. More than 2 in 3 adults are considered to be overweight or obese. More than 0.33% adults are considered to be obese. More than 0.05 adults in North America are considered to have extreme obesity. About 0.33%of children and adolescents from ages 6 to 19 are considered to be overweight or obese. More than 16% of children and adolescents from the ages of 6 to 19 are considered to be obese field wellness and Nutrition (2010). Obesity can occur one pound at a time. Just like obesity so does prevention. National Institutes of wellness. 2013 these are just some facts about obesity that can be prevented by portion control.Solutions. Are there any? With so many problem and just any solutions. Here are a couple of solutions that can help with implicating portion control, first would be quiet meal replacement (shakes) can be a very useful technique there were small experiments knowing to makes many of the studies on the effectiveness of meal replacements were tough to scan as few were intend to regulate whether meal replacements are closely linked with greater weight reduction than a self-selected consumption of official foods. They also found that there is a relationship between the intakes of meal replacements in exchange of regular meals in the framework of energy controlled diets and celestial latitude in body weight. The second meth od would be tax change magnitude and front back trafficking. Increasing the tax on unhealthy food could be a stiff answer to many problems, the Danish brass has put a 25% tax on unhealthy foods (sweet based) such as ice cream chocolate and many others and beverages. They also criminalise the use of Trans-fatty acid (increases coronary heart cancer) leading companies to use a divers(prenominal) method of production and provide a better fat quality product. There is also Front of Pack traffic light nutrition labeling (this is when the nutritional label is put in the front and the product is labelled as a colour that indicated the type of product which is stated earlier in this paper). There was a randomized-controlled study was conducted to determine different food label formats on consumers product choices, the study established that traffic light labels had the most influential on consumers, compared to other methods. Even with time constraint consumers the traffic light labe ls and logos were more effective and high-octane rather than the ordinary label furthermore the likelihood of healthy choices had increase moreover with unlabeled food it is more difficult to classify as whether its healthy or unhealthy Borgmeier and Westenhoefer, 2009. By making such a major impact, neighboring countries are putting an emphasis on disease deduction methods as well. The third method is Pre-portioned foods it is an alternative approach to liquid meal plan it is a pre-packaged single meal / nosh which is bound to reduce weight also temporary studies have found that solid meal substitutes (bars) caused the tendency to feel more full than isocaloric liquid meal substitutes (shakes) Tieken et al. 2007.In an 18-month study conducted by denotation et al. 1996 where contributors were allocated to one of the four groups a usual behavioral interference was given, a behavioral treatment go with with financial encouragement for weight reduction, food source, or a cabal of food establishment and motivations. The food that was provided to the individuals consisted of pre-portioned conventional foods suitable for louver breakfasts and five suppers each week for 18 months. The quantity of weight reduction in the two groups, provided with sufficient food, was significantly superior to the other groups at 6, 12 and 18 months Wing et al. 1996.Also in another study, patients were given either a prepackaged, nutritionally complete, organised meal, plan that provided almost all of their diet and the other group was given a macronutrient equivalent usual-care diet. The prepackaged meal was designed to sustain long-term weight loss. This was proven at 1 year when the first group lost 5.8 kilograms while the other group only lost 1.7 kilograms loss Metz et al. 2000.A certain study, sought to separate the properties of the portion-controlled diets from other mechanisms of the weight reduction intervention by keeping the additional variables standardised across the two study groups. The pre-portioned food group was provided with three starters and one snack daily, which they could substitute with conventional foods by the rules of their program. After 6 months, the pre-portioned food group lost 7.3kg whereas the control group only lost Foster et al. 2013. The take away message from these studies is that Portioned food can cause a substantial difference between casual meals in terms of weight reduction thus allowing a greater consumption of food and loss in weight. Another solution is by regulating the advertisements that are shown to adolescents. This will cause children to be less attracted to food which can lead them to gain weight. In Sweden, Norway and Quebec the government has restricted television advertisements for children. More specifically, the Swedish Radio and tv set act does not grant commercial television advertisement that is intended to attract or gain the attention of children who are under the age of 12. However, most co untries tend not to revise advertisements, to make sure they are meant for children. A comparison of food advertising in 13 countries in different parts of the world, found that children who were watching more than 2 hours would be exposed to between 28 and 84 food advertisements per day Lagerros. 2013. angle management/reduction has been a major problem for decades now. Obesity is something that is more and more on the rise today and will continue to rise unless we do something about it, food is being pushed on television all the time. alter minds to eat calorie dense food but there is a way to fix that by informing people of how bad it really is and encouraging people to live a health-enhancing lifestyle. The solution is as simplex as eating a portioned diet and making it a lifelong diet. Some fat is essential for the body. It uses it for various implications such as heat, padding, insulation, and stored energy. feeding healthy and keeping active is all a part of a lifelong da ily routine No diet should be promoted as being a temporary eating plan, but rather a permanent plan for healthy eating and living.ReferencesBorgmeier I., Westenhoefer J. (2009)Impact of different food label formats on healthiness evaluation and food choice of consumers a randomized-controlled study.BMC macrocosm Health9 184.Cawley, J., Meyerhoefer, C. (2012). The medical care costs of obesity An instrumental variables approach. J Health Econ.Ello-Martin, J., H Ledikwe, J., Rolls, B. (2005). The Influence of Food Portion Size and Energy meanness on Energy Intake Implications for Weight Management.Foster GD, Wadden TA, Lagrotte CA, Vander Veur SS, Hesson LA, Homko CJ, et al.(2013) A randomized comparison of a commercially available portion-controlled weight-loss intervention with a diabetes self-management information program,Nutr Diabetes, 3e63.Lagerros, Y., Rssner, S. (2013). Obesity management What brings success? Therap Adv Gastroenterol, 6(1), 7788.Rolls, B. (2012). diete tical strategies for weight management. Nestl Nutrition Institute Workshop (2012), 73, 37-48.Rolls, B. (2014). What is the role of portion control in weight management? International Journal of Obesity (2005).Metz JA, toilet JS, Kris-Etherton P, Reusser ME, Morris CD, Hatton DC, et al.(2000) A randomized trial of improved weight loss with a prepared meal plan in overweight and obese patients impact on cardiovascular risk reduction, Arch Intern Med, 16021502158National Institues of Health. (2012). Overweight and Obesity Statistics. Weight-controlInformation Network.Reichard, A., D. Saunders, M., R. Saunders, R., Ptomey, L. (2014). A comparison of two weight management programs for adults with mobility impairments, Disability and Health Journal.Tieken SM, Leidy HJ, Stull AJ, Mattes RD, Schuster RA, Campbell WW. (2007). Effects of solid versus liquid meal-replacement products of similar energy content on hunger, satiety, and appetite-regulating hormones in older adults,Horm Metab Res , 39389394Wing RR, Jeffery RW, Burton LR, Thorson C, Nissinoff KS, Baxter JE. (1996). Food provision vs structured meal plans in the behavioral treatment of obesity.Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord.205662Wills J., Schmidt D., Pillo-Blocka F., Cairns G. (2009)Exploring global consumer attitudes toward nutrition information on food labels.Nutr Rev67(Suppl. 1) S102S106Frenk, D. (2012, May 1). Obesity Consequences. Retrieved October 22, 2014, from http// and overweight. (2014, August 1). Retrieved October 22, 2014, from http// Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. (n.d.). Retrieved November 24, 2014, from http//

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