Tuesday, January 15, 2019
Inca Empire Significance
What made the Incan empire so historically significant? Rachael Cardenas Block 6B From 1438 to 1535, the Incan Empire made a historical impact. The Incan Empire was located in South the States on the western coast in the present countries of Peru. (Tagle. ) Three-fourths of the Empire was located within present day Peru. Since the rule of the Empire did fall down by dint of familial ties, the ruling emperor was chosen on peak by his family dynasty. (Hutagalung. ) The empire of the Incas merits importance and none paycapable to its contri stilling factors of roadstead, agriculture, and medicinal drug.The Incas twirl of roads was the most impressive contribution of public works than both other ancient culture. The roads in total were estimated to be 14,000 miles of surface roads and bridges. What made the building of the roads so rum was the novelty of the land much(prenominal) as swamps, mountains, valleys, snow, and deserts. Since the area surrounding the roads by the co ast was dusty, the Incas built them on causeways to keep them free from sand organism blown or pegging out. (Baudin. ) Likewise, the roads near the swamps were built on muffin viaducts.In high regions where there was high rain or snowfall, the Incas paved the roads with cobblest one(a)s or flagstones. Also, the steep slopes were stabilized by means of steps, which cut into quick rock. The accomplishment of these different types of roads was significant to history because it demonstrates that the Incas were able to throw proper road structure throughout the Empire scorn the obstacles apiece regions native surround presented. (Hutagalung. ) There were two master(prenominal) roads which connected the north and southerly territories on the coast and along the Andes Mountains.These two main roads were linked to a shorter network of roads within each of the two territories. However, later there was another study creation of roads that was called the Andean Royal road this road w as over 3,500 miles long, which is longer than the longest Roman road. This road ext terminationed from Quito, Ecuador in the north, befalled through Cajamarca and Cusco, and ended close to Tucuman, Argentina. (Baudin. ) Some of the smaller road networks as swell as the Andean Royal road were use so often that they became permanently part of the landscape.As a run, these roads remain critical, modern-day arteries of transference. A noteworthy fact about the Incan roads was that the roads neer experience the roll of a wheel or the stomp of a horses foot because the Incas did not exist the existence of the wheel and there were no horse natural to the area. (Martin. ) For the transportation of goods from one part of the empire to another, the Incas employ llamas. The llamas overly assisted Incan travelers in their travels between the north and the south territories.The roads of the Incan empire were a key factor in communication between territories. Throughout the Empire, mes sengers, or chasquis, carried development using these intrinsic road networks. These messengers were chosen from the fittest and strongest men of young males. (Kruschandl. ) They lived in cabins, or tambos, in groups of four to six. If one was tired and needed to rest, another one would come upon him and try to memorize the message in this way the tired one could rest in the cabin, or tanpu, while the other continued the messages actors line to its final destination. (Baudin. Since these messengers lived on the roads, the tanpu always had pabulum and clothing available for the messengers. A chasquis would travel more than 300 miles every day. Communication of important messages and transportation of essential goods flowed easily due to the combination of the well-constructed roads and logically actual messenger formation. (Hutagalung. ) Also, because the military commanders of the Empire could easily move troops, they could quickly shoot down control where there was trouble. Priests, herders, or leisurely travelers are other examples who utilize the Incan roads.In brief, the roads of the Incan Empire were not only a great benefit to its people who made use of it every day, but also to the Incan ruling class who demonstrated the power of the Incan state. The agriculture of the Incan Empire included every type of environment imaginable. The Incas developed an agricultural system so that plants could grow in such assorted surroundings. They were able to grow enough food to feed 15 million people with ancient technology and as well to halt a 3 to 7 year surplus. In this way, the Incas grew a assorted set of plants compared to current systems of agriculture. Martin. ) The Incan farmers were great farmers farming a cardinal root crops, such as three grains, three legumes, and more than a dozen fruits. The three staple crops were potatoes, give, and quinoa. In this case, the seeds of quinoa were used to produce flour, soups, and cereal. Similarly, corn was special to the Incas and used in religious ceremonies. In fact, they also used the corn to make a drink called chicha. (Baudin. ) More importantly, the Incas were the first acculturation to harvest and plant potatoes. The Incas produced over 200 hundred potatoes a remarkable harvest for a type of plant.This allowed the Incas more choices of what to plant so the Incan people can feed their families which the wealth of the Empire kept flowing. In growth, the Incas were able to grow tomatoes, avocados, beans, peppers, squash, and coco leaves to make chocolate. These plants, as well as others, were grown and sold in markets in the Andes Mountains by Indian, rural peasants. Correspondingly, some(prenominal) of these crops were exported to European countries some of the crops were potatoes, peppers, lima beans, and tomatoes. (Martin. However, since a majority of the Incan crops were not exported, some of these crops were unknown out side of meat of the Andes Mountains. (Baudin. ) The planting and harvesting of all of the crops back up the Incan Empire through an established, thriving distribution system. The Incas are creditworthy for two main inventions. The Incas invented the first freeze-dry method of storage. The Incas first left over(p) their food out in the cold to freeze. Second, they stamped on the frozen food to squeeze out the piss. Lastly, they left their stamped on food in the solarise to dry.This freezing method worked if they wanted to use dehydrated foods, they just added water to the foods. This type of freezing method assisted the Incas greatly because they were able to pen their food without risk of it going bad. (Martin. ) Terrace gardening was another developing that the Incas invented. The Incas carved steps of flat land up on the side of the mountain to create flat land for farming use. This allowed the terraces to keep rainwater from running off and also reduced erosion. As a result of this success, the government built aqueduct s to carry water to farmlands for irrigation purposes. Baudin. ) These agricultural inventions and successes increased productivity and resulted in the farming of the Incas to expand to the farming areas. Above all, the agriculture of the Incas allowed the economic system to keep flowing with trade and commerce. In terms of medicine, the Incas made galore(postnominal) discoveries. Felipe Guaman Poma, or known best as Huaman Poma, was a man natural in 1550 in Peru. (Tagle. ) He wrote the complete historical manuscript of information of the medicine practice in the Incan civilization. Today scholars now know that the Incan medicine was a complex ix of different health check exam examination cover upments and specialties. The Incas considered that the cause of all the sicknesses were by the act of supernatural forces. They also believed that sins against the gods, lies, as well as breaking Inca laws were enough reasons to become ill. The cures for the sicknesses were combinatio ns of minerals and herbs, followed by fast one spells and prayers. The Incan medicine was known to treat sicknesses in the immune system effectively. (Tagle. ) The Incan people had treatments which allowed the increase of natural production of white cells including the end of the progress of some diseases.The Incas were able to cure their people with this knowledge that they had of medicine. (Kruschandl. ) The Incas had three types of sterilizes who worked in partnership. The first type of doctors was known as Watukk. The job of Watukk was to comment out the cause of the sickness he did this by researching the daily liveliness of the diligent. He explored the emotional, physical, and pathological health of the patient. The Watukk was responsible for pinpointing the turn down diagnosis of the patients illness. The second type of doctor was known as the Hanpeq, who would indeed apply his medical knowledge about the diagnosed disease.He would combine and connect the properties o f herbs and minerals treat the patient. He also paid special attention to ensure that the post-treatment was correct and enabled the patient to become healed. Today, the Hanpeq is what we call a Shaman a religious, mystical, and natural medicine doctor. The last type of doctor was known as the Paqo. He was known to treat the soul of the patient. The Incan doctors believed that the soul lived in the sum of the patient. His major obligation was to harmonize the spiritual health with the physical health.In addition because a patients body could have varied reactions to a treatment, the Paqo monitored the patients treatment. Generally speaking, the Paqo was responsible for minimizing any possibility of a negative reaction to the patient. (Kruschandl. ) The Incan Empire also had other individuals and doctors who would athletic supporter patients through the use of supernatural means. Incan medicine had so many complexities it classified and treated sadness, anxiety, depression, anger, regret, just to name a few. Some Incan medicine addressed psychological illnesses such as insanity, madness, dementia, or grief.Incans also performed skull surgeries. The patient had a remarkable 90% chance for survival, which is extraordinary due to the materials and knowledge of the Incan doctors. When in the surgeries the Incan doctors performed maneuvers in the wounds that were so nice that hardly any cases of infection were documented. Scholars today have few manuscripts that relieve how the Incan doctors worked however, most of the precious Incan knowledge has been destroyed. (Tagle. ) The text The memorial of the Incas portrays how a doctors knowledge was passed from father to son.If the son was expert enough, the family would send him to gain education in an Incan civilise of medicine in the city of Cusco. As a student could go to medical school in present day today, the scholar back because would learn go techniques and gather the knowledge of Incan medicine taught by the Amautas. The Amautas were people who dedicated their entire lives in search for answers so that they could pass down knowledge and wisdom to the next generations. (Tagle. ) Therefore, the Incan Empire was advanced in medicine due to their medical discoveries and accomplishments.Aiding in the Incan medical advancements, a medical student would go to an Incan medical school for three to five years, depending on the skill level of the student. The education was rigorous, as the scholar had to learn and use herbs and mineral properties. The scholars would then learn the correct quantities of cures needed for cures. (Kruschandl. ) The professors taught the students how to discover the sicknesses and how to cure them. When the student finished medical school, he had to spend various years in practice before he was considered ready to be a doctor.Because of the rigorous process an Incan doctor had to endure, Incan medicine made great advancements during its time. (Tagle. ) All in al l, the Incans were able to achieve a variety of inventions in the fields of road construction, agriculture, and medicine. The Incan Empires had many accomplishments and discoveries helped to create a noteworthy empire, despite not having as many resources as the Roman Empire. MLA Works Citied particle Baudin, Louis. Incan Roads. World History Ancient and Medieval Eras. 12 April 2012 n. page. Print. <http//ancienthistory. abc-clio. com/ explore/Display/601348? terms=incan Empire>.Hutagalung, Michael. Inca Roads and Chasquis. discover Peru Peru heathenish Society. July 2005 n. page. Print. <http//www. discover-peru. org/inca-roads-chasqui/>. Kruschandl, Nelson. Inca Medicine. THE INCAS. 2007 n. page. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http//www. solarnavigator. net/history/incas. htm>. Martin, Phillip. The Inca Empire-Terrace Farming. Incredible Incas. 2008 n. page. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http//incas. mrdonn. org/farming. html>. Tagle, Alex. Inca Medicine. Peru stumble Confident ial. 2009 n. page. Print. <http//www. peru-travel-confidential. com/peru-travel. html>.